Migrating Firefox was easy. I wanted to copy across all of my bookmarks and stored passwords and my settings for the Firefox bookmarks toolbar and I certainly didn’t want to do it by hand.
Thankfully Firefox 4 has a new feature called Firefox Sync. This allows you to save your history, passwords, bookmarks and open tabs to the Firefox cloud. Then if you have Firefox on another PC or on a mobile device, you can sync to that device and all of your bookmarks and tabs are transferred to that copy of Firefox.
I sync’d to the Firefox cloud in Windows 7, installed Ubuntu and started Firefox, and then used Firefox Sync to restore all my bookmarks to Firefox 4 in Ubuntu.
I use Thunderbird with the Lightning add-on as my email client. I used to do this combination in Windows 7 too. I wanted to move my emails, contacts, add-ons and calendar entries from my Thunderbird instance in Windows 7 to my new one in Ubuntu. That meant I had to copy my Thunderbird profile to an external USB drive from Windows 7 before it was formatted as part of the Ubuntu install process.
The Thunderbird profile in Windows 7 is located at:
C:\Users\<your user name>\AppData\Roaming\Thunderbird
Note that the AppData folder is a hidden folder. In order to see hidden folders in Windows 7 I had to open Windows Explorer and do the following:
Organize > Folder and Search Options > Folder Options > View (tab) > Show hidden files and folders
In the Thunderbird folder there is a Profiles folder. Within that folder there was a folder with a name composed of random characters and ‘.default’, like d7kvmmtv.default. I browsed into that folder and copied everything in it to an external drive.
When Ubuntu was installed I used the Ubuntu Software Center and installed Thunderbird. I started Thunderbird and then hit cancel on the dialog that asked me for my name and email address. I then closed thunderbird down.
In my home folder, I did:
In the directory listing I saw a folder called
This was my new profile folder. I copied everything from my Windows 7 profile backup into that folder and re-started Thunderbird. Thunderbird found all of my folders and email archives, and then checked to see whether my add-ons were compatible.
It advised me that the Lightning add-on wasn’t compatible, and would I like it to check if there was a compatible version? I chose Yes, away it went and moments later Thunderbird advised me there was indeed a version of Lightning for my Ubuntu version of Thunderbird, and it offered to download and install it. Again I elected for this to happen, and Thunderbird duly obliged. It located the add-on, downloaded it and installed it, and then re-started.
All of my emails, calendar entries and address book contacts were exactly as I used to have them in Thunderbird in Windows 7.
The data migration process was relatively simple. I back up my data on each and every day that I use my computer. The backups go to external USB drives. (I did that when I used Windows; I do it now on Ubuntu. Back up, Back up, Back up. It’s the only safe way to use a computer. Any computer.)
I made sure my backups were current and then installed Ubuntu. When the installation had finished I connected my USB drives and dragged my data back to the appropriate folders.
In your home folder in Ubuntu you have folders with such names as Documents, Music, Pictures and Videos. These are the Ubuntu equivalents to the Windows folders called My Documents, My Music, My Pictures, etc.
That much was simple. It required nothing more than copying files.
This covered off all of my office documents, music and pictures. The documents were either created by me using the OpenOffice.org office suite or they were emailed to me as attachments. Without exception those attachments were created by others using Microsoft Office.
Ubuntu used to come pre-configured with OpenOffice.org. This latest release of Ubuntu (11.04 Natty Narwhal) has replaced OpenOffice.org with LibreOffice. LibreOffice is a separate and distinct project, based on the OpenOffice.org source code. (That deserves a post of its own.)
LibreOffice.org works with the all of the document file formats that OpenOffice.org works with, including the Microsoft Office formats, so there was no panic there.